Date Effective........... January 8, 2009 (most recent revision) Chemical Name/Synonyms... Acetone Synonyms: Dimethylformaldehyde; dimethyl ketone; 2-Propanone; Pyroacetic acid; Pyroacetic ether Emergencies Contacting CHEMTREC: 24 Hour Emergency Use Only #'s... Worldwide phone: 1-(703)-527-3887 Worldwide FAX: 1-(703)-741-6090 Toll-free phone: 1-(800)-424-9300 USA only Product or Trade Name.... SPI # 02521-AA and 02521-AB Acetone CAS #'s.................. 67-64-1 Chemical Formula......... CH3COCH3
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CAS #.................... 67-64-1 Acetone - More than 99%
Clear, colorless liquid. Flash Point: -4 F°. Extremely flammable liquid and vapor. Potential health effects (acute and chronic): Causes Eye Irritation. Causes respiratory tract irritation. Breathing vapors may cause drowsiness and dizziness. Prolonged or repeated contact may dry the skin and cause irritation of the skin. Target Organs: central nervous system, respiratory system, eyes, skin. Symptoms of exposure: Effects of eye exposure: Causes eye irritation. May cause burning sensation, redness, tearing, inflammation, and possible corneal damage. Effects of skin contact: Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause drying or cracking of the skin. May be absorbed through the skin. Effects of ingestion: May cause gastrointestinal irritation. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. Effects of inhalation: Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by nausea, headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause motor incoordination and speech abnormalities. Chronic Effects: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Chronic inhalation may cause central nervous system effects, respiratory tract irritation and/or motor incoordination and speech abnormalities.
Eyes: Immediately flush thoroughly with water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Skin: Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes, while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing thoroughly before reusing. Inhalation: Get medical aid immediately. Remove to fresh air immediately. Give artificial respiration if breathing has stopped. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased, apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask. Ingestion: Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Notes to Physician: Treat symptomatically and supportively.
Flash Point.................... -4 F° Autoignition Temperature: . . . 869 F° Explosion Limits . . .Lower . . 2.5% . . .Upper . . 12.8% Fire Extinguishing Media: For small fires use dry chemical, CO2, water spray, or "alcohol" foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. Firefighting Procedure: Wear self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH approved or equivalent, full protective gear. During a fire containers can build up pressure if exposed to heat or flame. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or thermal combustion. May be ignited by heat, sparks, or flame. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Vapors can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
Spill Response: General Information: Wear suitable protective equipment listed under exposure/personal protection, including self contained breathing apparatus. Spills/Leaks: Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Avoid all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. Absorb spill with an absorbent, non-combustible material such as earth, sand or vermiculite and place in suitable container for proper disposal, using a spark-proof tool. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors, but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces.
Handling: Use only in a well-ventilated area. Avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothing. Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Empty containers may contain residue - do not pressurize, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Keep tightly closed. Avoid ingestion or inhalation. Storage: Keep away from sources of ignition. Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a flammables area, away from incompatible materials. Store in cool, dry, well ventilated area.
An eyewash facility and a safety shower should be available. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits. Airborne Exposure Limits: Chemical Name ACGIH NIOSH OSHA - Final PEL Acetone 500 ppm TWA 250 ppm TWA 1000 ppm TWA 750 ppm STEL 590 mg/m3 TWA 2000 mg/m3 TWA 2500 ppm IDHL OSHA Vacated PELS: Acetone: 750 ppm TWA; 1800 mg/m3 TWA; 1000ppm STEL; 2400 mg/m3 = STEL Personal Protective Equipment: Eyes: Wear chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or the European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure. Respirators: Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or the European Standard EN149. Always us a NIOSH or European Standard approved respirator when necessary.
Boiling Point.(760mm Hg). 133.2°F Formula Weight..(g/mol).. 58 pH (Liquids Only)........ 7 Melting Point............ -139.6°C Vapor Pressure.(mm Hg)... 189 Vapor Density/Air is 1... 2.0 Solubility In Water...... soluble Appearance and Color..... colorless Specific Gravity(H2O=1): 0.79 Evaporation Rate 7.7 (in N-Butyl acetate) Odor..................... sweet smell Molecular Formula........ CH3COCH3
Stable: Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions. Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported. Hazardous Decomposition Products: COx (Carbon Dioxide / Carbon Monoxide), irritating and toxic fumes and gases Conditions to avoid: High temperatures, ignition sources Materials to avoid: Strong oxidizing agents; Strong acids.
RTECS #: CAS# 67-64-1: AL3150000 Toxicity data: CAS# 67-64-11 Draize test, Rabbit, eye: 20mg Severe Draize test, Rabbit, eye: 20mg/24H Mod. Draize test, Rabbit, skin: 500mg/24H Mild Inhalation,Mouse LC50: 44gm/m3/4H Inhalation, rat LC50: 50100mg/m3/8H Oral, Mouse LD50: 3 gm/kg Oral, Rabbit LD50: 5340 mg/kg Oral, rat LD50: 5800 mg/kg Dermal, guinea pig LD50: >9400uL/kg Carginogenicity: CAS# 67-64-1: A4 - Not listed by ACGIH or IARC Edidemiology: No information available Teratogenicity: No information available Reproductive effect: 67-64-1: Reproductive - Paternal Effects - spermatogenesis, including genetic material, sperm morphology, motility and count. Neurotoxicity: No information available Mutagenicity: 67-64-1: Sex chromosome loss and nondisjunction (Yeast-Saccharomyces cerevisiae)= 47600 ppm; Cytogenetic analysis (Rodent-hamster Fibroblast)= 40 gm/L
Ecotoxicity: Fish: Fathead Minnow LC50 7280-8120 mg/L Bluegill LC50 8300 mg/L Environmental: Terrestrial: volatilizes, leaches, and biodegrades when released in soil.
Consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification. US EPA guidelines for hazard classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. RCRA P-Series: None listed RCRA U-Series: CAS# 67-64-1: waste number U002 (Ignitable Waste)
US DOT CAN.TDG Shipping Name Acetone Acetone Hazard Class 3 3 UN Number UN1090 UN1090 Packing Group II II Flash Point -20 C
US FEDERAL:TSCA CAS# 67-64-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory. Health & Safety Reporting List Not listed Chemical Test Rules Not listed Section 12b CAS# 67-64-1: 4/12b TSCA Significant New Use Rule Not listed on SNUR under TSCA. SARA Section 302 (RQ) CAS# 67-64-1: final RQ = 5000 pounds (2270 kg) Section 302 (TPQ) Not listed SARA Codes CAS# 67-64-1: acute, chronic, flammable Section 313 Not listed Clean Air Act: Not listed Clean Water Act: Not listed OSHA: Not listed as highly hazardous by OSHA. STATE: CAS# 67-64-1 can be found on the following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.
European/International RegulationsHazard Symbols: CAS# 67-64-1: XI F Risk Phrases: R11 Highly flammable R36 Irritating to eyes R 66 Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking R 67 Vapors may cause drowsiness and dizziness Safety Phrases: S9 Keep container in a well-ventilated place S16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice WGK (Water Danger/Protection) 67-64-1:1 Canada - DSL/NDSL Is listed on Canada's DSL list. Canada - WHMIS Has WHMIS classification of B2, D2B Canada Ingredient Disclosure List Is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List. Exposure Limits Around the World TWA for: Acetone Australia 500 ppm Belgium 750 ppm Czechoslovakia 800 mg/m3 Denmark 250 ppm Finland 500 ppm France 750 ppm Germany 1000 ppm Hungary 600 mg/m3 Japan 200 ppm The Netherlands 750 ppm The Philippines 1000 ppm Poland 200 mg/m3 Russia 200 ppm Sweden 250ppm Switzerland 750 ppm Turkey 1000 ppm United Kingdom 750 ppm
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