Date Effective........... January 8, 2009 (most recent revision) Chemical Name/Synonyms... Ethylene dichloride; 1,2-Dichloroethane; Glycol dichloride Emergencies Contacting CHEMTREC: 24 Hour Emergency Use Only #'s... Worldwide phone: 1-(703)-527-3887 Worldwide FAX: 1-(703)-741-6090 Toll-free phone: 1-(800)-424-9300 USA only Product or Trade Name.... SPI #02515-AA and 02515-AB Ethylene Dichloride Synonyms................. 1,2-Dichloroethane; Glycol dichloride
|Health||2||National Fire |
Component Name CAS # Percent EINECS/ELINCS 1,2-Dichloroethane 107-06-2 >99 203-458-1
Emergency overview: Appearance: Colorless Flash Point: 13°C (56°F) Warning! Flammable liquid and vapor. May cause central nervous system depression. May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause cancer based on animal studies. Causes eye and skin irritation. Causes respiratory tract irritation. Irritant. May be harmful if swallowed. Potential cancer hazard. Target Organs: Kidneys, central nervous system, liver, eyes, skin. Potential Health Effects Eye: Causes eye irritation. Vapors may cause eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage. Skin: Causes skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin. May cause irritation and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities. Ingestion: May cause central nervous system depression, kidney damage, and liver damage. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause effects similar to those for inhalation exposure. May be harmful if swallowed. Aspiration hazard: May cause central nervous system depression, kidney damage, and liver damage. Inhalation: Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by nausea, headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause liver and kidney damage. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Can produce delayed pulmonary edema. May cause burning sensation in the chest. Chronic: Possible cancer hazard based on tests with laboratory animals. Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Prolonged or repeated eye contact may cause conjunctivitis. May cause liver and kidney damage. Effects may be delayed.
Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids. Get medical aid immediately. Do not allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed. Skin: Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Discard contaminated clothing in a manner which limits further exposure. Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Possible aspiration hazard. Get medical aid immediately. Inhalation: Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. Do not use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Notes to Physician: Treat symptomatically and supportively.
General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Flammable liquid and vapor. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Vapors can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Extinguishing Media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8. Spills/Leaks: Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately. Remove all sources of ignition. Use only spark-proof tools in the area that this product is to be used. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty bottles retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use with adequate ventilation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Storage: Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area: Storage under a nitrogen blanket has been recommended.
Engineering Controls: Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local explosion-proof ventilation to keep airborne levels to acceptable levels. Exposure Limits:
|Chemical Name||ACGIH||NIOSH||OSHA - Final PELs|
|1,2-Dichloroethane||10 ppm TWA||1 ppm TWA; 4 mg/m3 TWA;|
50 ppm IDHL
| 50 ppm TWA|
100 ppm ceiling
Physical State: Liquid Appearance: Colorless Odor: Chloroform-like pH: Not available. Vapor Pressure: 100 mm Hg @29°C Vapor Density: 3.4 (Air=1) Evaporation Rate: 6.5 (Butyl acetate=1) Viscosity: Not available. Boiling Point: 81-85°C (178-185°F) Freezing/Melting Point: -35°C (-31°F) Autoignition Temperature: 413°C (775°F) Flash Point: 13.3°C (56°F) Decomposition Temperature: Not available. Explosion Limits, Lower: 6.2% Upper: 15.9% Solubility in water: Insoluble. Specific Gravity/Density: 1.25 (Water=1) Molecular Formula: C2H4Cl2 Molecular Weight: 98.96
Chemical Stability: Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions. Conditions to Avoid: Incompatible materials, light, ignition sources, excess heat, electrical sparks. Incompatibility with Other Materials: Strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, bases, alkali metals, aluminum, amines, liquid ammonia, nitric acid, organic peroxides, ketones. Hazardous Decomposition of Products: Hydrogen chloride, phosgene, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide. Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.
RTECS#: KI0525000 CAS#: 107-06-2: LD50/LC50 Information: CAS #: 107-06-2 Draize test, rabbit, eye: 63 mg Severe; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 500 mg/24 hours Mild; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24 hours Mild; Inhalation, rat: LC50=1000 ppm/7 hours; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 413 mg/kg; Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 860 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 670 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 2800 mg/kg; Carcinogenicity: CAS# 107-06-2 ACGIH: A4 - Not Classifiable as a Human Carcinogen California: carcinogen - initial date 10/1/87 NIOSH: occupational carcinogen NTP: Suspect carcinogen OSHA: Possible Select carcinogen IARC: Group 2B carcinogen Epidemiology: IARC Group 2B: Proven animal carcinogenic substance of potential relevance to humans. No data available on human carcinogenicity, however sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in animals is present. Teratogenicity: See actual entry in RTECS for complete information. Reproductive Effects: No information found. Neurotoxicity: No information available. Mutagenicity: No information found. Other Studies: See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.
Exotoxicity: Water flea Daphnia: 218mg/liter; 48 hours; Bluegill/Sunfish: 430mg/liter; 96hour; Static Fathead Minnow: 136mg/liter; 96 hours; Static No data available. Environmental Fate: Terrestrial: Smaller releases on land will evaporate fairly rapidly. Larger releases may leach rapidly through sandy soil into groundwater. Aquatic: If released to surface water, its primary loss will be by evaporation. The half-life for evaporation will depend on wind and mixing conditions and was of the order of hours in the laboratory. However a modeling study using the EXAMS model for a eutrophic lake gave a half-life of 10 days. Atmospheric: Will degrade by reaction with hydroxyl radicals formed photochemically in the atmosphere. Half-life over one month. Physical: Not expected to biodegrade or bioconcentrate.
Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification. RCRA P-Series: None listed. RCRA U-Series: CAS# 107-06-2: waste number U077.
US DOT Hazard Class: Shipping Name: (TOXIC), Ethylene dichloride Hazard Class: 3 (6.1) UN Number: UN1184 Packing Group: II IATA (for international shipments) Shipping Name: Ethylene dichloride Hazard Class: 3(6.1) UN Number: UN1184 Packing Group: II Additional Information: Flashpoint: 13°C (55.4°F)
United States: TSCA CAS# 107-06-2 is listed on the TSCA inventory. Health & Safety Reporting List CAS# 107-06-2: Effective Date: June 1, 1987; Sunset Date: June 1, 1997 Chemical Test Rules CAS# 107-06-2: 40 CFR 7.99.5115 Section 12b: CAS# 107-06-2: Section 4 TSCA Significant New Use Rule: None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA. SARA: CERCLA (RQ) CAS# 107-06-2: final RQ = 100 pounds (45.4 kg) SARA: Section 302 (TPQ) None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ. SARA Codes CAS # 107-06-2: immediate, delayed, fire Section 313 This material contains 1,2-Dichloroethane (CAS# 107-06-2, 99+%),which is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373. Clean Air Act: CAS# 107-06-2 is listed as a hazardous air pollutant (HAP). This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors. This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors. Clean Water Act: CAS# 107-06-2 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA. CAS# 107-06-2 is listed as a Priority Pollutant under the Clean Water Act. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA. OSHA: None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA. State (Individual states in the USA) CAS# 107-06-2 can be found on the following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts. The following statement(s) is(are) made in order to comply with the California Safe Drinking Water Act: WARNING: This product contains 1,2- Dichloroethane, a chemical known to the state of California to cause cancer. California No Significant Risk Level: CAS# 107-06-2: no significant risk level = 10 ug/day California Prop. 65: Proposition 65 requires manufacturers or distributors of consumer products into the State of California to provide a warning statement if the product contains ingredients for which the State has found to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. If this product contains an ingredient listed by the State of California to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity, it will be listed below: Ethylene dichloride CAS# 107-06-2 European/International Regulations: European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives Hazard Symbols: T F Risk Phrases: R 11 Highly flammable. R 22 Harmful if swallowed. R 36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin. R 45 May cause cancer. Safety Phrases: S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible). S 53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use. WGK (Water Danger/Protection): CAS# 107-06-2: 3 Canada CAS# 107-06-2 is listed on Canada's DSL List. This product has a WHMIS classification of B2, D2A, D1B. CAS# 107-06-2 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List. Exposure Limits: CAS# 107-06-2: OEL ARAB Republic of Egypt: TWA 5 ppm (2 mg/m3) AUSTRALIA: TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3) AUSTRIA: TWA 20 ppm (80 mg/m3) BELGIUM: TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3) DENMARK: TWA 1 ppm (4 mg/m3);Skin FINLAND: TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3);STEL 20 ppm (80 mg/m3);CAR FRANCE: TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3) GERMANY: Carcinogen HUNGARY: STEL 4 mg/m3;Carcinogen JAPAN: TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3) THE NETHERLANDS: TWA 50 ppm (200 mg/m3) THE PHILIPPINES: TWA 50 ppm (200 mg/m3) RUSSIA: TWA 10 ppm SWEDEN: TWA 1 ppm (4 mg/m3);STEL 5 ppm (20 mg/m3);Skin;CAR SWITZERLAND: TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3);STEL 20 ppm (80 mg/m3) TURKEY: TWA 50 ppm (200 mg/m3) UNITED KINGDOM: TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3);STEL 15 ppm (60 mg/m3)
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