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Material Safety Data Sheet

SPI #02462-CA and 02462-MB 1% Formvar® in Ethylene Dichloride


Section 1: Identification



Date Effective...........  January 8, 2009
                           (most recent revision)


Chemical Name/Synonyms...  Ethylene dichloride with 1% Formvar; 1,2-
Dichloroethane with 1% Formvar; Glycol dichloride with 1% Formvar.  Other
names for Formvar:  Polyvinyl formal and also, Vinylec®.


Emergencies                
Contacting CHEMTREC:

24 Hour Emergency Use Only #'s... 
Worldwide phone: 1-(703)-527-3887
Worldwide FAX:   1-(703)-741-6090 
Toll-free phone: 1-(800)-424-9300 USA only


Product or Trade Name....  SPI #02462-CA and 02462-MB 1% Formvar® in Ethylene Dichloride

Synonyms.................  1% Formvar in 1,2-dichloroethane; 1% Formvar in
glycol dichloride; 1% Vinylec in 1,2-dichloroethane

Hazardous Material
Information System
USA
Health 2 National Fire
Protection Association
USA
Fire Hazard 3
Reactivity 0
Personal Protection
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 2; Flammability: 3; Reactivity: 0



Section 2 Composition


Component Name            CAS #          Percent       EINECS/ELINCS

1,2-Dichloroethane      107-06-2 1        >99           203-458-1
Polyvinyl formal        63450-15-7         1%   




Section 3: Hazard Identification


Emergency overview:

Appearance:  Colorless
Flash Point:  13°C (56°F)  
 

Warning!  Flammable liquid and vapor.

May cause central nervous system depression. 
May cause liver and kidney damage. 
May cause cancer based on animal studies. 
Causes eye and skin irritation. 
Causes respiratory tract irritation. 
Irritant. 
May be harmful if swallowed. 
Potential cancer hazard. 

Target Organs:
Kidneys, central nervous system, liver, eyes, skin.

Potential Health Effects

Eye:
Causes eye irritation.  Vapors may cause eye irritation.  May cause
chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.

Skin:
Causes skin irritation.  May be absorbed through the skin.  May cause
irritation and dermatitis.  May cause cyanosis of the extremities.

Ingestion:

May cause central nervous system depression, kidney damage, and
liver damage.  May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting
and diarrhea.  May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause effects similar
to those for inhalation exposure.  May be harmful if swallowed.

Aspiration hazard:
May cause central nervous system depression, kidney damage, and liver damage. 

Inhalation:
Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous
system effects characterized by nausea, headache, dizziness, unconsciousness
and coma.  Causes respiratory tract irritation.  May cause liver and kidney
damage.  Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema.  Vapors may cause dizziness
or suffocation.  Can produce delayed pulmonary edema.  May cause burning
sensation in the chest.

Chronic:
Possible cancer hazard based on tests with laboratory animals.
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis.  Prolonged or
repeated eye contact may cause conjunctivitis.  May cause liver and kidney
damage.  Effects may be delayed.



Section 4: First Aid Measures


Eyes:

Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes,
occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids.  Get medical aid immediately.
Do not allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed.

Skin:
Get medical aid immediately.  Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap
and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and
shoes.  Discard contaminated clothing in a manner which limits further
exposure.

Ingestion:
Do not induce vomiting.  If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4
cupfuls of milk or water.  Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious
person.  Possible aspiration hazard.  Get medical aid immediately. 

Inhalation:
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately.  If not breathing,
give artificial respiration.  If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.  Get
medical aid.  Do not use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
 

Notes to Physician:
Treat symptomatically and supportively.




Section 5: Fire Fighting Measures


General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand,
MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear.  Vapors may
form an explosive mixture with air.  During a fire, irritating and highly
toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion.  Will
burn if involved in a fire.  Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers
cool.  Containers may explode in the heat of a fire.  Flammable liquid and
vapor.  Vapors are heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition
and flash back.  Vapors can spread along the ground and collect in low or
confined areas. 

Extinguishing Media:
For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant
foam.  For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam.  Use water
spray to cool fire-exposed containers.  Water may be ineffective.  Do NOT use straight
streams of water.




Section 6: Accidental Release Measures


General Information:
Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.

Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then
place in suitable container.  Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches
which lead to waterways.  Clean up spills immediately.  Remove all sources
of ignition.  Use only spark-proof tools in the area that this product is to
be used.  A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.




Section 7: Handling and Storage


Handling:

Wash thoroughly after handling.  Remove contaminated clothing and wash before
reuse.  Ground and bond containers when transferring material.  Use spark-proof
tools and explosion proof equipment.  Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing.
Empty bottles retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous.
Keep container tightly closed.  Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame.  Avoid
ingestion and inhalation.  Use with adequate ventilation.  Do not pressurize, cut,
weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or
open flames. 

Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame.  Keep away from sources of ignition.
Store in a tightly closed container.  Keep from contact with oxidizing
materials.  Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible
substances.

Flammables-area:
Storage under a nitrogen blanket has been recommended.




Section 8: Exposure Controls and Personal Protection


Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an
eyewash facility and a safety shower.  Use adequate general or local
explosion-proof ventilation to keep airborne levels to acceptable levels.

Exposure Limits:

Chemical Name        ACGIH              NIOSH         OSHA - Final PELs

1,2-Dichloroethane   10 ppm TWA 1 ppm TWA; 4 mg/m3 TWA; NIOSH Potential

Occupational Carcinogen - see Appendix A ; see Appendix C (Chloroethanes)
for supplementary exposure limits Potential NIOSH carcinogen.

OSHA Vacated PELs:
1,2-Dichloroethane: 1 ppm TWA; 4 mg/m3 TWA; 2 ppm STEL; 8 mg/m3 STEL

Personal Protective Equipment

Eyes:
Wear chemical goggles.

Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.

Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.

Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR §1910
.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be
followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.

Engineering Controls:

Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne
concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.




Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties


Physical State:  Liquid
Appearance:  Colorless
Odor:  Chloroform-like
pH:  Not available.

Vapor Pressure:  100 mm Hg @29°C
Vapor Density:  3.4 (Air=1)
Evaporation Rate:  6.5 (Butyl acetate=1)
Viscosity:  Not available.
Boiling Point:  81-85°C (178-185°F) 

Freezing/Melting Point:  -35°C (-31°F) 
Autoignition Temperature:  413°C (775°F) 
Flash Point:  13.3°C (56°F)
Decomposition Temperature:  Not available.

Explosion Limits, Lower:  6.2%
                     Upper:  15.9%
Solubility in water:  Insoluble.
Specific Gravity/Density:  1.25 (Water=1)
Molecular Formula:  C2H4Cl2

Molecular Weight:  98.96




Section 10: Stability and Reactivity


Chemical Stability:
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage
and handling conditions.

Conditions to Avoid:

Incompatible materials, light, ignition sources, excess heat, electrical sparks.

Incompatibility with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, bases, alkali metals,
aluminum, amines, liquid ammonia, nitric acid, organic peroxides, ketones.

Hazardous Decomposition of Products:
Hydrogen chloride, phosgene, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and
gases, carbon dioxide.

Hazardous Polymerization:  Has not been reported.




Section 11: Toxicological Information


RTECS#:  KI0525000

CAS#:  107-06-2: 

LD50/LC50 Information:
CAS #:  107-06-2
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 63 mg Severe;
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 500 mg/24 hours Mild;
Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24 hours Mild;
Inhalation, rat:  LC50=1000 ppm/7 hours;
Oral, mouse:  LD50 = 413 mg/kg;
Oral, rabbit:  LD50 = 860 mg/kg;
Oral, rat:  LD50 = 670 mg/kg;
Skin, rabbit:  LD50 = 2800 mg/kg;


Carcinogenicity:
CAS# 107-06-2
ACGIH:  A4 - Not Classifiable as a Human Carcinogen
California:  carcinogen - initial date 10/1/87 
NIOSH:  occupational carcinogen 
NTP:  Suspect carcinogen 
OSHA:  Possible Select carcinogen 

IARC:  Group 2B carcinogen 

Epidemiology:
IARC Group 2B:  Proven animal carcinogenic substance of potential relevance
to humans.  No data available on human carcinogenicity, however sufficient
evidence of carcinogenicity in animals is present.

Teratogenicity:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Reproductive Effects:
No information found.

Neurotoxicity:  No information available. 

Mutagenicity:

No information found.

Other Studies:  See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.



Section 12: Ecological Information


Exotoxicity:
Water flea Daphnia:  218mg/liter; 48 hours; 
Bluegill/Sunfish:  430mg/liter; 96hour; 
Static Fathead Minnow:  136mg/liter; 96 hours; 
Static No data available. 

Environmental Fate:
Terrestrial:  Smaller releases on land will evaporate fairly rapidly.
Larger releases may leach rapidly through sandy soil into groundwater. 

Aquatic:

If released to surface water, its primary loss will be by evaporation.
The half-life for evaporation will depend on wind and mixing conditions
and was of the order of hours in the laboratory.  However a modeling study
using the EXAMS model for a eutrophic lake gave a half-life of 10 days. 

Atmospheric:
Will degrade by reaction with hydroxyl radicals formed photochemically in
the atmosphere.  Half-life over one month. 

Physical:  Not expected to biodegrade or bioconcentrate.




Section 13: Disposal Considerations


Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is
classified as a hazardous waste.  US EPA guidelines for the classification
determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3.  Additionally, waste
generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to
ensure complete and accurate classification.

RCRA P-Series:  None listed.

RCRA U-Series:  CAS# 107-06-2:  waste number U077.




Section 14: Transport Information

 

US DOT Hazard Class:
Shipping Name:  (TOXIC), Ethylene dichloride
Hazard Class:  3
UN Number:  UN1184
Packing Group:  II

IATA (for international shipments)
Shipping Name:  Ethylene dichloride
Hazard Class:  3(6.1)(9.2)
UN Number:  UN1184
Packing Group:  II

Additional Information:  
     Flashpoint:  13°C (55.4°F)




Section 15: Regulatory Information


United States:

TSCA
CAS# 107-06-2 is listed on the TSCA inventory.

Health & Safety Reporting List
CAS# 107-06-2:  Effective Date:  June 1, 1987; Sunset Date:  June 1, 1997

Chemical Test Rules

None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.

Section 12b:
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.

TSCA Significant New Use Rule:
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.

SARA:

Section 302 (RQ)
CAS# 107-06-2: final RQ = 100 pounds (45.4 kg)
Section 302 (TPQ)
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
SARA Codes

CAS # 107-06-2: acute, chronic, flammable.
Section 313
This material contains 1,2-Dichloroethane (CAS# 107-06-2, 99+%),which is
subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and
40 CFR Part 373.
Clean Air Act:
CAS# 107-06-2 is listed as a hazardous air pollutant (HAP). This material
does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors. This material does not contain
any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
CAS# 107-06-2 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA. 
CAS# 107-06-2 is listed as a Priority Pollutant under the Clean Water Act.
None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under
the CWA.

OSHA:
None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by
OSHA.

State (Individual states in the USA)

CAS# 107-06-2 can be found on the following state right to know lists:
California, New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.

The following statement(s) is(are) made in order to comply with the
California Safe Drinking Water Act: WARNING: This product contains 1,2-
Dichloroethane, a chemical known to the state of California to cause cancer.

California No Significant Risk Level: 
CAS# 107-06-2: no significant risk level = 10 ug/day 


California Prop. 65:

  Proposition 65 requires manufacturers or distributors of consumer
  products into the State of California to provide a warning statement
  if the product contains ingredients for which the State has found to
  cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.  If this product
  contains an ingredient listed by the State of California to cause cancer
  or reproductive toxicity, it will be listed below:

                            Ethylene dichloride      CAS# 107-06-2

European/International Regulations:
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives

Hazard Symbols:  T F

Risk Phrases:        
     R 11 Highly flammable.
     R 22 Harmful if swallowed.
     R 36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.
     R 45 May cause cancer.

Safety Phrases:
     S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice
immediately (show the label where possible).
     S 53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.

WGK (Water Danger/Protection):
CAS# 107-06-2: 3

Canada
     CAS# 107-06-2 is listed on Canada's DSL List. 

This product has a WHMIS classification of B2, D2A, D2B.

CAS# 107-06-2 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.

Exposure Limits:
CAS# 107-06-2:  OEL
      ARAB Republic of Egypt:  TWA 5 ppm (2 mg/m3) 
      AUSTRALIA:  TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3) 
      AUSTRIA:  TWA 20 ppm (80 mg/m3) 
      BELGIUM:  TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3) 
      DENMARK:  TWA 1 ppm (4 mg/m3);Skin
      FINLAND:  TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3);STEL 20 ppm (80 mg/m3);CAR 
      FRANCE:  TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3) 
      GERMANY:  Carcinogen  
      HUNGARY:  STEL 4 mg/m3;Carcinogen 
      JAPAN:  TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3) 
      THE NETHERLANDS:  TWA 50 ppm (200 mg/m3) 
      THE PHILIPPINES:  TWA 50 ppm (200 mg/m3) 
      RUSSIA:  TWA 10 ppm 
      SWEDEN:  TWA 1 ppm (4 mg/m3);STEL 5 ppm (20 mg/m3);Skin;CAR 
      SWITZERLAND:  TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3);STEL 20 ppm (80 mg/m3) 
      TURKEY:  TWA 50 ppm (200 mg/m3) 
      UNITED KINGDOM:  TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3);STEL 15 ppm (60 mg/m3) 





Section 16: Other Information


Disclaimer of Liability:

Caution!  Do not use SPI Supplies products or materials in applications
involving implantation within the body; direct or indirect contact with
the blood pathway; contact with bone, tissue, tissue fluid, or blood; or
prolonged contact with mucous membranes.  Products offered by SPI Supplies
are not designed or manufactured for use in implantation in the human body
or in contact with internal body fluids or tissues.  SPI Supplies will not
provide to customers making devices for such applications any notice,
certification, or information necessary for such medical device use required
by US FDA (Food and Drug Administration) regulation or any other statute.
SPI Supplies and Structure Probe, Inc. make no representation, promise,
express warranty or implied warranty concerning the suitability of these
materials for use in implantation in the human body or in contact with
internal body tissues of fluids.

************************************************************************


The information and recommendations set forth above are taken from sources believed to be accurate as of the date hereof, however SPI Supplies and Structure Probe, Inc. make no warranty with respect to the accuracy of the information or the suitability of the recommendations, and assume no liability to any user thereof. The information contained in this sheet does not constitute a hazard assessment and should not be used in place of the user's own assessment of work place risks as required by other health and safety legislation. Be aware of the Structure Probe, Inc. Copyright Policy. Structure Probe, Inc. grants a nonexclusive license to make unlimited copies of this safety sheet for internal use only. Quite obviously, this information would pertain only to this material when purchased from SPI Supplies as product from other sources, with other ingredients and impurity levels could have substantially different properties.


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